The Office for War Veterans and Victims of Oppression is the main institution dealing with the matters of Veterans of struggles for independence and Victims of Oppression in Poland. The Office's functions and resposibilities have been defined in legal acts establishing the special status of beneficiaries of the Veterans' law. It's main tasks consist of:

  • awarding the status of Veteran struggles for independence, Victim of Oppression and person deported to perform forced labor
  • providing the Veterans and Victims of Oppression with help, special care and proper respect
  • spreading the tradition of struggles for independence of Poland

Practical information

What are the privileges of Victims of Oppression?

The Victims of Oppression are persons who suffered the most acute political, ethnic and racial persecutions on part of the totalitarian regimes: the Nazi regime of 1939-1945, the Soviet one of 1939-1956 and the Polish communist regime og 1944-1956. This group of eligible beneficiary includes persons confined to prisons, penal camps and ghettoes, and also deported deep into the Soviet Union. An additional category cosists of children taken away from their parents for the purposes of either extermination or germanization.


To Victims of Oppression who have been granted the relevant rights, various pecuniary benefits and privileges are due, which include among other things:

  • addition to the length of employment twice the period of independence activities,
  • an additional holiday of 10 working days a year,
  • a monthly pecuniary allowance of about PLN 403 (about  € 97),
  • 50% reduction of the city transport fares,
  • 51% reduction of the domestic railway and bus transport fares.
Victims of Oppression are also granted priority in the acces to community welfare services and homes for the elderly. Persons in difficult financial situation may recieve summary financial assistance.